[bas relief by Oleh Lesiuk]
Chicago Daily News
29th March 1933
Famine Now as Great as Starvation of 1921, Says Secretary of Lloyd George
BY EDGAR ANSEL MOWRER
Chicago Daily News Foreign Service. Copyright 1933. The Chicago Daily News Inc.
Berlin, Germany, March 29 – The present Russian Famine is as bad as the great starvation of 1921, when millions died, according to Gareth Jones, private secretary to David Lloyd George, liberal former prime minister, who reached here today after a long walking trip through the rural districts of the Ukraine.
Jones will deliver an official report in London to the royal institute of international affairs tomorrow, explaining the conditions in Russia and the reasons underlying them. He speaks Russian fluently and while most foreign correspondents were forbidden to visit the famine regions of the Ukraine, Jones was allowed to do so.
His report explains the dislike of the Russian authorities to having conditions in the Soviet Union investigated.
Famine on Huge Scale
Jones saw famine on a huge scale and the revival of murderous terror. The Russians are thoroughly alarmed over this situation and, he explains, the arrest of the British engineers recently as a maniac measure following the shooting by the government of thirty-five prominent Russian agricultural workers, including a vice-commissar in the ministry of agriculture.
“I walked through the country visiting villages and investigating twelve collective farms,” Jones today told the correspondent of The Chicago Daily News.
“Everywhere I heard the cry, ‘there is no bread, we are dying.’
“This cry is rising from all parts of Russia; from the Volga district, from Siberia, from White Russia and from the Ukraine black dirt country. I saw a peasant fish out a crust of bread and an orange peel which I had thrown into a cuspidor in the train.
Against Night Travel
“Soldiers warned me against travelling by night, as there were too many desperate men about. A foreign expert who returned from Kazakstan told me that 1,000,000 out of 5,000,000 inhabitants there have died of hunger.
“After Dictator Josef v. Stalin, the hungry Russians most hate George Bernard Shaw for his accounts that they have plenty of food, whereas they are really starving. There is insufficient food and many peasants are too weak to work the land and future prospect seems blacker than the present. The peasants no longer trust their government and he change in the taxation policy came too late.”
Jones attributes the famine chiefly to the collectivization policy and the peasants’ hatred of it. Other cases are bad transportation, the lack of skilled labor, the bad state finances and government terror. Unemployment is steadily growing in the land that but a few years ago boasted of its freedom from ills current in capitalistic society.
[One should note that on 29th March 1933, two Pulitzer Prize Winners for Correspondence; H. R. Knickerbocker - New York Evening Post for 1931 and the 'soon--to-be' 1933 winner, Adsel Mowrer - Chicago Daily News, simultaneously exposed the the Famine in the USA for their respective newspapers by immediately reporting Gareth's Berlin Press Conference, whilst Duranty, who one should remember was the Pulitzer 'incumbent', just a day later and from 'on the spot' in Moscow knowingly chose to denigrate Gareth's truthful observations...]
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