WESTERN MAIL & SOUTH WALES NEWS, August 8th 1934
FORCES THAT ARE MENACING HITLER
ASKING “CAN HE LAST?”
Fear of Hunger
Hand of Tyranny
ACCEPTS VON PAPEN
Germany is asking the question, “Can Hitler Last?” writes Mr. Gareth Jones,
the special “Western Mail and South Wales News” correspondent, from Berlin.
of the most ancient and powerful forces in the world” are menacing Hitler,
including the Fear of hunger; Revolt against tyranny; Opposition of the Roman
Catholic Church; Communist and Socialist underground propaganda
Hitler’s side is the Army. This is his trump card, but he can play it
only so long as the real power rests with the Army - that is, General von
Blomberg, the Minister of Defence.
appointment of Herr von Papen as German Minister to Austria was agreed to at an
Austrian Cabinet meeting last night, the Cabinet having received satisfactory
assurances from Hitler.
GRAIN HARVEST 25 PER
beating of the drums and the strains of the funeral band around Hindenburg’s
grave have died away. Millions of Germans will to day look at their
pictures of Hitler, with his fanatical eyes and that strange unbalanced glance,
and ask, “Can he last?”
same question will be asked throughout the world by diplomats and politicians,
many of whom have recently, in Paris or London, been prophesying Hitler’s
downfall before October.
Hitler last? When he stands as the Leader of Germany, with more power than any
other ruler in the world, will the storm-winds which are now howling in Europe
send him crashing to the ground or will those forces which are on his side
maintain him on his throne of omnipotence?
Enemy No. 1
him there are fighting some of the most ancient and most powerful forces in the
world. His first enemy is the enemy which has damaged so gravely bread.
I looked out of the train on the journey through Prussia I noticed how sparse
the crops were. Students of agriculture estimate that Germany’s harvest
of grain this year is nearly 25 per cent. less than last year. The potato
fields have yielded little, and potatoes are the staple food of masses of the
population. Hence the fear that rationing cards will soon be introduced.
are soaring, and housewives return from the market with less food in their
baskets and no change from the little housekeeping money their husbands can give
food conditions, therefore, will be Hitler’s first enemy.
he has against him, also, forces which derive from the spirit. The
intellectuals are voicing their criticisms of the régime’s tyranny.
They are in agreement with Von Papen’s plea for liberty of thought and of
expression in his Marburg speech. They are ashamed of the excesses of the
Nazi régime and of the shame of Germany before the world. But,
alas! the German cultured citizens have not the courage and the
independence of their counterparts in Britain, and their voices will not carry
powerful will be the opposition of the Roman Catholic Church, to which belongs
more than one-third of the German population. Revolted by the murder of leading
Catholics and priests, and by the betrayal by Hitler of his agreement with Rome,
the Catholics will be a force of more than passive resistance against Hitler.
Protestants are as antagonised as the Catholics. Their voices are hushed,
for no newspaper is allowed to publish the views of the Protestant opposition,
but beneath the surface they are fighting for their rights.
of the working class? Among its ranks are the most embittered enemies of
Hitler, and the Communists and Socialists are carrying on a courageous
underground battle against the régime.
spite of the vigilence of the secret police, many Communist and Socialist
newspapers are published or smuggled in across the frontier and passed quietly
from hand to hand.
Hitler looks out beyond his own frontier he sees the catastrophic effects of his
foreign policy-the hatred of Italy, the murder of Dollfuss, the strengthening of
Soviet Russia’s diplomatic position, and the alienation of the sympathies of
all civilised peoples because of the barbarities of National-Socialism.
Discipline and Unity
are the forces fighting against Hitler. Powerful as they are, I do not
think them strong enough to lead in the near future to Hitler’s downfall.
They are scattered, unorganised forces. They are unarmed and nave not the
discipline or the spirit of revolution nor the unity to make war on Hitler.
All the discipline and the unity and the ruthlessness are on Hitler’s” side,
and it is these three characteristics which count in Germany to-day.
Army is now Hitler’s trump card and the oath of a German soldier of the
Regular Army is not to be lightly esteemed. General von Blomberg, the real
master of his country, finds it in his interest to maintain Hitler as a symbol
of unity, and I see no reason why the Army should throw Hitler overboard, for
Hitler is now carrying out precisely the Right-Wing policy favoured by the
soldiers, the industrialists, and the landowners.
long as Hitler carries out this conservative policy, General von Blomberg will,
I believe, do all he can to keep the Army on Hitler’s side. If Hitler
tries revolutionary experiments, however, a sharp word of warning that the Army
is against him wilt soon make him realise the Army, rather than the real leader
revolutionary elements are certain to raise their heads again among the Storm
Troopers, and Goebbels, the firebrand, may fight for an extreme policy. In
such a case I believe that Hitler will purge the Nazi party ruthlessly of
Left-Wing elements, and that perhaps will bring about Goebbels’s downfall.
repetition of the June 30 massacre is quite possible if the revolutionaries of
the Storm Troopers regard Hitler as a traitor to the Socialistic side of the
the Army behind him Hitler seems politically strong. Even his economic
difficulties have been exaggerated. The coming winter will be terrible, it
is true, but reports that the shortage of foreign currency and the inability to
import raw materials will bring about an economic collapse are, it seems, false.
Germany has imported such large amounts of raw materials this year that she has
stocks which can last for many months. “Even if I do not import a single
pound’s worth of raw materials my factory can go on working for a long time
with the supplies I have stored up,” said one industrialist to me.
then, of the future? It seems that the forces fighting for Hitler are more
powerful, more united, and better armed than the forces against Hitler.
he falls a victim to the mediæval wave of political assassinations which has
swept across Europe, he will probably be the figurehead of a military
six months’ time,” said a German to me, “Hitler may only have 10 per cent.of the power and Blomberg may be the real dictator behind the scenes. But
it will be Hitler who will remain as a symbol of nationalism.”
German may be right.