'Enemies of the 5-Year Plan'
Art by Viktor Deni 1931.
Poem by Demyan Bedny.
Landowner glares like a ferocious watchdog
Kulak [rich peasant] snorts through his bulbous nose
habitual drunk boozes his woes away
[village] priest frantically whoops and and wails.
corrupt journalist spits and hisses
capitalist sharpens his tusks
Menshevik rages like a madman
White Soldier effs and blinds.
dogs that have not been thrown into jail -
defending the bad old ways -
an evil curse on the Five-Year Plan
declare war on it.
threaten its disruption, realising
it spells their utter ruination.
translation kindly supplied by Alan Leigh-Richards, Newark.]
poster from 1929 attacks eight groups that were frequently scapegoated
(clockwise from top left): landlords, kulaks, journalists, capitalists,
White Russians, Mensheviks, priests, and drunkards. (Mensheviks were the
moderate wing of the Russian Social Democratic Workers’ Party; they
split from Lenin’s Bolshevik wing early in the century.) The poem at the
bottom of the poster was written by Demyan Bedny, one of Stalin’s
favorite poets. The poem harshly ridicules these members of the “old
order,” describing them as “hounds that have not yet been caged.”
The group is condemned for “declaring war” on the Five-Year Plan
because “they understand that it will bring about their final
courtesy of the Hoover Digest 1998 No.3 - http://www-hoover.stanford.edu/publications/digest/983/hahn.html.)
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