Western Mail, April 11th, 1933
READY FOR WAR
She Will Never Attack Another Country
TOWARDS THE LEAGUE
Mr. GARETH JONES
foreign policy of the Soviet Union is emphatically one of peace. If
there is any stable factor in this ever-changing world of ours, it is the
fact that Russia will never attack. Russia will never attack because
her internal position is too weak. An army cannot fight without
bread, and although the Soviet Government has good reserves for the Army,
it is not enough to enable it to embark on a big military campaign.
will not attack because the peasants would either rise or would refuse to
deliver grain. A war would place weapons in the hands of the
population and would mean the overthrow of the régime. Russia will
not attack because throughout her territory there are national minorities
waiting for the war-drums to beat in order to gain their independence.
In the Ukraine, the Home Rule movement is ever growing and the Ukrainians
hate the Great Russians with increasing bitterness.
policy of Russification which the soviet Government began about two months
ago will increase the rebellious feelings of the Ukraine and will weaken
Russia’s military strength.
Georgia the nationalists are increasing their strength and there are many
underground plots to overthrow the Soviet régime. In Central Asia
national movements are ever strong and have been fanned by Moscow’s
tolerant policy of encouraging native languages and literature.
These minorities are waiting for war in order to rise. Thus Moscow
will avoid foreign conflicts.
will not attack because her transport is too disorganised to send troops
across long distances. This fact explains the forbearance of Russia
in the Manchurian dispute.
of war explains Soviet Russia’s policy. Lenin prophesied that the
capitalist nations would launch an attack on the Soviet Union. To
prevent this Russia has sought friendship with all the nations on her
borders. She refuses to belong to any group of nations for fear she
will be dragged into a conflict. She refuses to make any alliance
for the same reason. Thus she has offered and has signed Pacts of
Non-Aggression with a number of countries, including Poland and France.
There has recently been a rapprochement between the Soviet Union and
nation refused to sign a Pact of Non-Aggression with Russia and that
nation was Japan. This refusal has led many Soviet observers to fear
that Japan is planning to attack Russia.
to the League
Soviet Union dislikes the League of Nations because it is a capitalist
organisation and because it has many members which do not recognise
Moscow, but it has co-operated energetically at Geneva on the question of
disarmament. The Soviet Union has recently hoped that the United
States would give it diplomatic recognition. But these hopes have
been dimmed since the arrest of the British engineers, and now it is not
probable that America will send an Ambassador to Moscow. Close
relations between the United States and Russia are, however, not out of
the question because both countries are united by fear of Japanese
spite of the Soviet Union’s desire for peace, there has been a great
spread of militarism in that country. Flamboyant posters show the
need for defence. Children in school are given gas-mask
demonstrations and are taught how to shoot. In a village at least a
thousand miles from the nearest frontier I was informed that the peasants
had been taught how to use gas-masks. The Society for Aviation and
Chemical Defence is a flourishing organisation, with twelve million
members spreading its influence throughout the factories and offering
training ground for those about to join the Army. Military aviation
has made great strides in Russia. Great stress is laid upon the Army
and upon munitions factories.
policy of Russia is, therefore, a paradox - it combines great desire for
peace with energetic preparation for war.
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